GitHub is a site with development version management software via the Git system. This sounds complicated, right? But understanding what GitHub is and what it is for is easier than you might think. It is a system that allows collaboration with other developers – whether they are on your side or on another continent.
Through this system, two or more people can edit existing files or create new files without their changes being erased by changes from other team members. This is useful for many different types of projects, but before we explain the reasons, let's step back and talk about Git.
What is Git:
Git is a distributed version management system that allows users to track changes in source code during software development. There are several such tools on the market, but Git is the most popular one used with 42.9% from professional software developers.
This system was created in 2005 by Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux, who at the time needed such a tool to manage kernel development with other developers who worked with him.
In July of the same year, however, project management joined the Japanese Junio Hamano – also in 2012 Torvalds recognized the success was to entrust the project to Hamano.
A version management system is very useful for keeping track of changes that are promoted based on project code. You can still see who made each change and retrieve code lines that have been deleted or changed.
After all, even after the applications and programs & # 39; s come on the market, it is almost a rule that developers will continue to release updates to clean up bugs and implementing new functions.
What does GitHub do differently?
As the name suggests, the big advantage of GitHub is that it adds one hub (or platform) for the Git project management system. In short, this difference makes GitHub the largest social network for developers in the world.
With the platform you can create for free upload of your projects. You can also follow and follow important development projects. open source of the world with libraries and frameworks complete for you to check. Depending on your interest and the project, you can even report bugs to developers and even submit their own contribution with a fix for the code.
That is the main reason why GitHub is so popular because it gives all developers in the team access to the code that is developed by adding their own code. branches and commits.
Besides commits These are points in the editing history of a project and consist of a series of changes to the files. They offer a description that indicates exactly what has been changed in the code and a point for restoring a certain version of the project.
All the branches (or branches) are designed to enable programmers to work on larger functions that require more development time without affecting the current version of the application. GitHub makes a copy of the folder that can then be developed separately without affecting the central repository or other branches.
When you have finished working on one branch, it can be connected to other branches through the process known as fuse together. If you want to merge this isolated branch with the central repository, just use the Request withdrawal.
When using the assignment Request withdrawalthe project manager receives a request to assess the request and to decide whether or not to accept a certain contribution. This serves both to unite branches with the central repository as before someone has the files copied to their personal computer.
Use many open source projects on GitHub Pull requirements to manage changes by collaborators, as this is an easy way to notify project managers of changes. The method is also useful for initiating code reviews and general discussions about certain changes before they are implemented in the central repository.
There is also the process of it forking, where you start a new project based on existing storage sites. That is, you copy a project that already exists and make the desired changes before you create a new repository for yourself. So it creates one branch brand new central folder, does not affect the previous central folder. You can even make changes from the new folder in the fork flow.
Knowledge, practice and even a portfolio on GitHub is becoming increasingly important for developers. The most important programming projects in the world have hosted their codes on the site, which is a fundamental tool for those who want to collaborate as a team with other contributors.
You can restore previous versions with commits and create branches to work on big news without affecting the main repository code. You can still use the forking to start a whole new project based on existing repositories.
On GitHub you will find all the tools you need to manage your projects and keep track of constant updates from contributors – which can be useful even if your role is not a developer. Tell us in the comments below how GitHub helped you manage your projects!