If you read this content, it is because you have an internet connection. Without this you would not have access to this page, let alone learn more about the technologies around your routine. In this article you will learn more about it the history of the internet, from the earliest days to the most advanced developments on the world wide web.
Concepts in the pre-internet age
In 1964, Marshall McLuhan already predicted in his scientific articles that society somehow evolved into a large global community. The intellectual was the first to put this concept on paper and talk about its consequences.
For him, an electronic nervous system was about to happen, with simultaneous connections allowing all corners of the planet to communicate without barriers and quickly. Events on the other side of the world could be followed as if they were taking place in one place.
But the Canadian wasn't the only one who thought so. In 1926, the Croatian Nikola Tesla said that the man would invent a pocket instrument (the mobile phone) connected to invisible wireless networks (the Internet). wi-fi we know today), can communicate over long distances.
The origin of the internet with ARPANET
The history of the internet is linked to the first computers that are connected to electricity. The first models of these machines appeared in the 50. They were huge, slow and very heavy. And they were nothing like today's ultra-fast, ultra-thin computers.
Moreover, they also only existed in professional scientific laboratories. There were no manufacturers for large-scale sales and distribution of personal use. And they were only available in countries such as the United States, England and France, the pioneering countries in creating the internet.
U.S 60, in one of these laboratories, the Department of Defense of the United States began to develop a network that connected computers. She was called ARPANET (Network of advanced research projects).
This network mainly served the military purpose. It was a way for the US government to protect itself and ensure smooth communication if the Cold War and the aftermath of the historic event were beneficial to the rise of the Soviet Union.
It was the original ARPANET project, which connected local computers to a private network, which initiated a global network that allowed simultaneous connection of multiple networks. This concept, first known as Internet workingis one of the most important points in the rise of the internet.
The internet creation and the WWW
From here, various projects started to develop a huge network that connects computers around the world at technological universities.
So in 1974, the abbreviation for the provisional term Internet working caused the time limit INTERNET used first. But it took 20 years for the internet to approach the complexity as we know it today.
in the 80s, a scientific investigation Tim Berners-Lee resulted in World Wide Web (WWW). In his laboratory in CERN, Switzerland, the Brit linked hypertext documents to information systems that can be accessed from anywhere in that primitive network.
Berners-Lee is also the creator of HTML, a markup language that is used when creating websites and the HTTP, the most important protocol that establishes internet connections worldwide. He even created the first internet browser, the WorldWideWeb (without spaces), 1990.
The opening of the internet
on end of 1990Tim Berners-Lee launched the first webpage in a format that is very similar to what we currently have. It was hosted on a network server, also made by the scientist.
in 1991Lee realized that his creation would only become popular if it was accessible to anyone who wanted to try to create his own web page. To do this, it must not include any costs, such as the obligation to pay a monthly fee to use it.
So in April 1993, it was announced worldwide that the internet would be free royalties (Patents). That is, public and free to use and create any type of project online. For example, the access doors to the network were opened for general users, who could become members of this new online community and communicate with others.
The internet revolution in the nineties
from mid 90 & # 39; s, the internet was responsible for transforming society. Everyday life has changed the way people started to consume information, culture, services, products, entertainment and knowledge.
The boundaries and the distance between people have become dramatically smaller. Personal, family, professional and business relationships became smaller and smaller, much faster. In fact, email arrivals and real-time messaging have become almost instantaneous.
Discussions have also become more democratic, more accessible and easier with the rise and expansion of online forums and communities. In the meantime, websites have begun to modernize content quality and page design, ensuring a growing stream of user access.
One of the most striking examples was the launch of Geo Cities in 1994. The service provided free tools for creating personal pages that are categorized based on the creator's location. He even had 38 million users.
Another example was the The world, a kind of primitive blog network where users can post personal content and share daily experiences, hobbies and other interesting topics.
The arrival of social networks
Even in the 90s, the advent of social networks elevated the internet to a new level of usability and interaction among millions of users around the world. See below some of the most important.
The first of these was in 1995 with the classmates, an interaction page for students from the United States and Canada to exchange knowledge or make appointments. It even had more than 50 million users.
in 2002 the Fotolog, a social network for sharing photos. Users posted personal activities with short descriptions of their routines, with the ability to receive comments and link to other members. Still active, it has more than 32 million users spread around 200 countries.
in 2003, came the LinkedIn (for professional affairs and vacancies) and the MySpace (blog to share personal content, photos & videos, and audio files). Respective with more than 175 million and 25 million users, both can be used daily.
2004Finally, it marks the explosion of the popularity of social networks. It was this year that the orkut from Google, and the Facebook. Orkut was a resounding success in Brazil and was deactivated. Creation of Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook, has taken over this message on a global scale and did so today 2.3 billion users.
in 2005 the YouTube was launched by three former PayPal employees. Although it was slow, the platform came as a definitive solution for producing, editing, sharing, and consuming video content. Today there are more than 1 billion users.
the twitter arrived in 2006. He standardized a micro blog style for faster and more concise sharing of content with a limit of maximum 140 characters per message. This number has been increased to 280 characters in 2017. Currently the network has more than 326 million users assets.
All the Instagram was released on 2010. The network is a joint creation of American software engineers Kevin Systrom and Brazilian Mike Krieger. Focused on photos, it has a variety of interactive filters, interaction mechanisms and more than 1 billion users. It is the second largest social network in the world.
To compete with Facebook dominance, the Google+ appeared in 2011, being one of the newest social networks created. It is not so much expression in number of users, with a total of 400 million users 100 million participants participate daily.
The history of the internet today
The internet is absolutely everywhere. In addition to computers, the internet is also on mobile phones, mobile devices, video games, devices and even smart watches. And with a simple app you can control almost any function of these devices with a simple wireless connection.
Today there are more than 3.9 billion users connected to the network, more than half the total population on the planet. In one minute:
- Send 6 billion emails;
- 41 million messages on WhatsApp;
- to make 3.8 million searches on Google;
- watch 4.5 million videos & # 39; s on Youtube;
- stacking 695 thousand hours content viewed on Netflix.
In addition, content writing platforms such as WordPress, have such complete tools that allow the development of complete projects on the network. This can be a personal blog, a professional website, an online resume or an online store.
The internet has evolved daily as one of the most used technologies by people. Nowadays, any personal or professional activity is improved and can be carried out with the resources and tools available on the internet.
In about 50 years, the technology-induced transformation has revolutionized the way people communicate, seek knowledge, study, work, and interact. The distances and barriers of time zones were broken by the immediacy of the internet.
What about you, reader? What has the Internet produced in your life? Can you imagine a world and its daily activities without this powerful technology? Leave your comment below! 😉